World War I and All Souls College


IMG_4262MEMENTOTE INTER HOS

PARIETES HUIUSCE COLLEGII

ALUMNORUM ET FAMULORUM

QUI PRO PATRIA MILITANTES

MORTEM OPPETIUERUNT

MCMXIV – XVIII

[Remember within these walls the sons and servants of this College who met their deaths when fighting for their Country, 1914-18]

The College lost six fellows, three servants, and three bible clerks.


Gerald Rupert Laurie ANDERSON

Examination Fellow 1913 (not attested) (Trinity College).

First Class, Moderations, 1910.

First Class, Literae Humaniores, 1912.

Cheshire Regiment, Second Lieutenant/later Captain.

Died: 9th November 1914, near Hooge, aged 25.

Memorial: Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial.


 Alan Edward Grey HULTON

Examination Fellow 1908  (New College).

First Class, Moderations, 1906.

First Class, Literae Humaniores, 1908.

Gladstone Prize, 1905.

Army Service Corps, Lieutenant.

Died: 6th June 1915 of wounds received at St.Jean, near Ypres, on 25th April 1915, aged 29.

Memorial: Bristol (Canford) Cemetery.


John Douglas Henderson RADCLIFFE

Examination Fellow, 1910 (Balliol College).

First Class, Classical Moderations, 1906.

Second Class, Literae Humaniores, 1908.

King’s Royal Rifle Corps, Captain.

Died: 30th July 1915 of wounds received in action, near Hooge, aged 30.

Memorial: Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial.


Sir Foster Hugh Egerton CUNLIFFE

Examination Fellow, 1898 (New College).

Third Class, Moderations, 1896.

Second Class, History, 1898.

Rifle Brigade, Major.

Died: 10th July 1916, Battle of the Somme.

Memorial: Bapaume Post Military Cemetery, Albert.


Raymond ASQUITH

Examination Fellow, 1902 (Balliol College).

First Class, Moderations, 1899.

First Class, Literae Humaniores, 1901.

First Class, Law, 1902.

Craven (1898) and Ireland Scholar (1900).

Prox. Hertford, 1898.

Grenadier Guards, Lieutenant.

Died: 15th September 1916, Battle of the Somme.

Memorial: Guillemont Road Cemetery, Guillemont.


Patrick Houston SHAW STEWART

Examination Fellow, 1910 (Balliol College).

First Class, Moderations, 1908.

First Class, Literae Humaniores, 1910.

Ireland Scholar (1907) and Hertford Scholarship (1908).

Royal Naval Volunteer Research, Lieutenant Commander.

Croix de Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur.

Croix de Guerre.

Died: 30th December 1917, killed in action.

Memorial: Metz-en-Couture Communal Cemetery.


John Euel Witherden BATH

Bible Clerk.

Matric. 1912.

Royal Berkshire Regiment, Captain.

Died: 22nd December 1915, in action, aged 22.

Memorial: Guards Cemetery, Windy Corner, Cuinchy.


Aubrey Charles NEALE

Bible Clerk.

Matric.1911.

Cameronian (Scottish Rifles), Second Lieutenant.

Died: 1st August 1917, in action, at Ypres, aged 23.

Memorial: Brandhoek New Military Cemetery.


Francis Hugh Tilney STONEX

Bible Clerk.

Matric. 1911.

Royal Dublin Fusiliers, Lieutenant.

Died: 1st February 1918, of illness contracted on active service, aged 25.

Memorial: Wallasey (Rake Lane) Cemetery.


George WALKER

Servant.

Oxford & Bucks Light Infantry, Private.

Died: 28th April 1917, aged 22.

Memorial: TiepvaL Memorial.


Lewis HEATH

ASC Messenger.

Oxford & Bucks Light Infantry, Private.

Died: 22nd August 1917, aged 22.

Memorial: Tyne Cot Memorial.


Horace Samuel SCRAGG

Servant (1911 Census), at ASC c.1904-1913

Royal Medical Corps, 41st Field Ambulance.

Posthumously awarded the Military Medal.

Missing, believed killed: 9th October 1917, in Belgium, aged 28.

Memorial: St.Matthew’s Church, Grandpont, Oxford & Tyne Cot Memorial.


MAIOREM HAC DILECT

IONEM NEMO HABET

UT ANIMAM SUAM PONAT

QUIS PRO AMICIS SUIS

[Greater love hath no man than this: that he lay down his life for his friends.]

The Codrington Orders

Nov. 8, 1751

If the Codrington Library has a birthday, then it is surely the day on which, in 1751, the Codrington Orders were signed. They were drawn up by the Warden and Fellows, to be the regulations governing the use of the newly built Library. The Codrington came into being as the result of two occurrences: the desperate need for a larger library, and the bequest of the money and books left to the College by former Fellow, Christopher Codrington. Codrington was elected a Fellow of All Souls in 1690, and regarded as a wit, a linguist and an effective speaker, as well as a universal scholar. When he died in April, 1710, his will made public his charitable intentions: he left £6,000 to All Souls to pay for the building of a new library, with a further gift of £4,000 to be spent on books. He also bequeathed his own collection of 12,000 books. All Souls commissioned Nicholas Hawksmoor to redesign the north side of the Great Quadrangle to house a library (instead of the common room and rooms that had originally been envisaged). The Codrington Orders state that the books should be arranged in subjects, and that particular parts of the Library be allotted to each subject; that a catalogue should immediately be drawn up; and that two principal librarians should be appointed to classify all newly purchased books, and to maintain a register of donors. It is evident from the Orders that locks on each bookcase were part of the original design. Only the appointed librarians had access to the keys, and they fetched books for the Fellows. There was to be “no Fire or Candle to be carried into the Library on any Account whatsoever”. Each Fellow signed the Library Minute Book to comply with the above Orders: “We whose names are underwritten do hold ourselves strictly bound in conscience and honour not to take any Book out of the Library, but under the Restrictions and according to the Rules prescrib’d in the Codrington Orders. And we do farther promise, each one for himself respectively, that we will at all times be very carefull of any key, or keys, entrusted to us; and if any such Key, or Keys, shall happen to be lost by our neglect, we will readily submit to the Penalties enjoin’d by the said Orders.”